Facts

Sites recommended to vitsit during your stay in the Holy Land

Bethlehem, the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth and perhaps the ultimate destination during the holidays of Easter and Christmas.

Jerusalem, the must-see Holy City including the mind-blowing sights and sounds of the Old City.

Qasr el Yahud, the site where John the Baptist baptized Jesus, deep in the desert.

Nazareth, the childhood home of Jesus, and today home to the largest Christian church in the Middle East and other great sites.

The Jesus Trail, the recently created hiking trail that follows in Jesus’ footsteps in the Galilee, running from Nazareth to Capernaum.

Capernaum, “The town of Jesus”, where several churches and a museum celebrate the life and teachings of Jesus.

Mount of Beatitudes, the home to The Sermon on the Mount, and a tranquil oasis overlooking the Sea of Galilee.

Tabgha, the legendary site of the feeding of the five thousand (with five loaves and two fish), celebrated today by the Church of the Multiplication.

Haifa is a northern Israeli port city built in tiers extending from the Mediterranean up the north slope of Mount Carmel. The city’s most iconic sites are the immaculately landscaped terraces of the Bahá'í Gardens and, at their heart, the gold-domed Shrine of the Báb.

St. George’s Monastery, the stunning cliff-hugging monastery (one of the world’s oldest) in the heart of the Judean desert.

Nablus is a city in the northern West Bank, approximately 49 kilometers (30 mi) north of Jerusalem,the city was named by the Roman Emperor Vespasian in 72 CE as Flavia Neapolis. Since then, Nablus has been ruled by many empires over the course of its almost 2,000-year-long history.

Masar Ibrahim Al-Khalil is a trail that runs through the West Bank from the Mediterranean olive groves of the highlands of the north to the silence of the deserts in the south, from the area west of Jenin to the area south of the Sanctuary of Abraham (known in Arabic as Al-Haram Al-Ibrahimi) in the city of (Hebron).

Gates of Jerusalem City

 

During different periods, the city walls followed different outlines and had a varying number of gates. During the era of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem for instance, Jerusalem had four gates, one on each side. The current walls were built by Suleiman the Magnificent, who provided them with six gates; several older gates, which had been walled up before the arrival of the Ottomans, were left as they were. As to the previously sealed Golden Gate, Suleiman at first opened and rebuilt it, but then walled it up again as well. The number of operational gates increased to seven after the addition of the New Gate in 1887; a smaller eighth one, the Tanners' Gate, has been opened for visitors after being discovered and unsealed during excavations in the 1990s. The sealed historic gates comprise four that are at least partially preserved (the double Golden Gate in the eastern wall, and the Single, Triple, and Double Gates in the southern wall), with several other gates discovered by archaeologists of which only traces remain (the Gate of the Essenes on Mount Zion, the gate of Herod's royal palace south of the citadel, and the vague remains of what 19th-century explorers identified as the Gate of the Funerals (Bab al-Jana'iz) or of al-Buraq (Bab al-Buraq) south of the Golden Gate).

Until 1887, each gate was closed before sunset and opened at sunrise. As indicated by the chart below, these gates have been known by a variety of names used in different historical periods and by different communities.

Open gates

English

Alternative names

Construction Year

Location

New Gate

Gate of Hammid

1887

West of northern side

Damascus Gate

Nablus Gate, Gate of the Pillar

1537

Middle of northern side

Herod's Gate

Flower Gate, Sheep Gate

1875

East of northern side

Lions' Gate

St. Stephen's Gate, Gate of the Tribes, Bab Sittna Maryam ("St. Mary's Gate")

1538–39

North of eastern side

Excavators' Gate

Excavation Gate. (Eastern gate of the main Umayyad palace, attributed to Caliph Al-Walid I (705-715). Destroyed by an earthquake around 749, walled up to support Ottoman wall (1537–41), reopened and rebuilt by archaeologists in 1968.)

705–15, 1968

Wall south of Al-Aqsa Mosque

Dung Gate

Gate of Silwan

1538–40

East of southern side

Tanners' Gate

 

12th century

East of southern side

Zion Gate

Gate to the Jewish Quarter

1540

Middle of southern side

Jaffa Gate

Porta Davidi

1530–40

Middle of western side

Sealed gates

English

Description

Period

Location

Golden Gate

A double gate, last sealed in 1541. In Arabic also known as the Gate of Eternal Life] In Arabic each door has its own name:

  • Gate of Mercy, Bab al-Rahma – the southern door
  • Gate of Repentance, Bab al-Taubah – the northern door

6th century

Northern third of eastern side

Single Gate

 Known as Solomon's Stables

Herodian period

Southern wall of Temple Mount

Huldah Gates

Two gates:

  • The Triple Gate, as it comprises three arches. Also known as Bab an-Nabi "Gate of the Prophet Muhammad")
  • The Double Gate, two arches, partially hidden from view by mediaeval building

Herodian period

 

All the aforesaid parts and texts are extorted from WIKIPEDIA.